41 While the Pharisees were together, Jesus questioned them, 42 “What do you think about the Messiah? Whose Son is He?” “David’s,” they told Him. 43 He asked them, “How is it then that David, inspired by the Spirit, calls Him ‘Lord’: 44 The Lord declared to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand until I put Your enemies under Your feet’? 45 “If David calls Him ‘Lord,’ how then can the Messiah be his Son?” 46 No one was able to answer Him at all, and from that day no one dared to question Him anymore. — Matthew 22:41-46
The Messiah is David’s Son AND David’s Lord
by Reid Patton
Jesus’ question to the Pharisees came after Jesus fielded many poorly intentional questions from the Pharisees. Jesus first asked who the Messiah is. The Pharisees responded with a common and well understood answer, “The Son of David.” In light of their confession, Jesus asked them to interpret Psalm 110:1. In other words, He asked, “How can David’s Lord also be David’s Son?” This could only be possible if the Messiah was God Himself. To answer Jesus’ question, the Pharisees would have had to admit that Jesus is God, which they were unwilling to do. So they remained silent.
This week we are focusing on Jesus’ identity. All meaningful discipleship is rooted in who Jesus is. Psalm 110 is the most quoted Old Testament passage in the New Testament and is without question a victory song for the Messiah who sits enthroned at the right hand of God. It declares that there is nothing or no one outside Jesus’ control.
When we respond to Jesus we respond to God. The author of Hebrews writes that Jesus is “the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of His nature” (Hebrews 1:3). Later in the same chapter the author of Hebrews uses Psalm 110:1 to support his claim. There is no question that Jesus is God.
Because Jesus is God we must deal with Him as God. There are many who would have you believe that Jesus is a good teacher or a great man, but the Bible does not support those claims without also acknowledging that Jesus is Lord and Christ. A good teacher and a great man can be ignored, but God cannot.
The Pharisees were not willing to acknowledge Jesus as Lord, so they stayed silent and walked off. The Pharisees were well respected and well regarded teachers in their day. They were deeply religious people who completely missed the point because of the hardness of their own hearts and their commitment to their own preferences.
The dangerous implication of these verses is that it is possible to be a church member sitting in a pew week after week and totally miss the point. We must be vigilant to guard our hearts against this tendency. If you are a follower of Christ, you belong to Jesus and you belong to God. The Lordship of the Messiah means we have an advocate before the Father, which is much better than if He were simply a good man or a great teacher.
- Do you know anyone who acknowledges Jesus as a good man or teacher, but not as God? How would you respond to them?
- What does the Lordship of Jesus mean for your life? How does it require submission and obedience?
- What is the danger in being a “religious” person? What does it look like to submit your desires and preferences to the will of Jesus?
Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture quotations are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Holman CSB®, and HCSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers.